Friday, January 06, 2017

How Long did the Ediacaran NeoProterozoic Shuram Event Last?


Gong et al


The Shuram excursion (SE), one of the largest-known negative carbon isotope anomalies, has been globally observed in Ediacaran rocks. Precisely determining the duration of the SE is pivotal to understanding its controversial origin. Here, we present a detailed paleomagnetic, rock magnetic, cyclostratigraphic and carbon isotopic study of the SE in the Doushantuo Formation at the Dongdahe section in eastern Yunnan Province, South China. Although paleomagnetic results likely show a late Mesozoic remagnetization, careful mineralogic analyses indicate that the rock magnetic cyclostratigraphy carried by detrital pseudo-single domain (SD) or small multidomain (MD) titanomagnetite grains faithfully records orbitally-forced climate cycles in the Ediacaran. Multi-taper method (MTM) spectral analysis of magnetic susceptibility (MS) and anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM) series reveals significant spectral peaks at similar frequencies. Based on the ratios of their frequencies, these spectral peaks are assigned to a suite of Milankovitch cycles (long eccentricity, short eccentricity, obliquity and precession), yielding a sediment accumulation rate of 1.0 cm/kyr for the Doushantuo Formation. A 9.1 ± 1.0 Myr duration is indicated for the entire SE in South China. This result is in good agreement with independent estimates from North America and South Australia, thus supporting a primary origin for the SE. In combination with published geochronologic data, we suggest that the onset of the SE occurred at ca. 560 Ma, which provides a chronostratigraphic framework for evaluating the relationship between the SE and the evolution of metazoans in Ediacaran time.

No comments: