Friday, December 16, 2016

Where was the Nuna/Columbia Supercontinent?


Salminen et al


Baltica represents one of the key continents of the Mesoproterozoic supercontinent Nuna forming the core of it together with Laurentia and Siberia. This study presents new geochronological and paleomagnetic data obtained for the Häme diabase dyke swarm in southern Finland. New U-Pb (baddeleyite) ages 1642 ± 2 Ma and 1647 ± 14 Ma for two reversely magnetized dykes are acquired. Demagnetization revealed a dual polarity remanent magnetization direction carried by magnetite. The combined normal (N) and reversed (R) polarity direction for 11 dykes (=sites) is D = 355.6°, I = −09.1° (k = 8.6 and α95 = 16.6°) yielding a paleomagnetic pole at 23.6°N, 209.8°E (K = 10.6 and A95 = 14.7°) with Van der Voo value Q = 7. N and R magnetized units for the Häme dyke swarm show asymmetry in declination values, probably caused by an age difference between the dykes. The Geocentric Axial Dipole (GAD) model indicates that all geomagnetic reversals should be symmetric (in inclination), yet it has been noted that this is not always the case (e.g. 1.57 Ga Satakunta and Åland dykes in Baltica). By analyzing global dual polarity paleomagnetic data we show that the stationary GAD model is a valid assumption at 1.7–1.4 Ga and that the asymmetry between some normal and reversed polarities in global dual-polarity data sets appears randomly over time, and does not follow a global trend. Furthermore, we show that in the case of Åland and Satakunta dykes an unremoved secondary magnetization component could explain the obtained asymmetry. The GAD assumption is used to reconstruct the core of Nuna on equatorial latitudes using new data for Häme dykes. Paleomagnetic evidence suggest that maximum assembly of Nuna occurred at 1.5 Ga and the dispersal of the core is proposed to be associated with coeval 1.38–1.27 Ga magmatism in its core continents.

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