The Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event in the Ionian Zone, Greece
Kafousia et al
The Early Jurassic was characterized by a global disturbance of the carbon cycle known as the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (T-OAE). This event is recorded worldwide by a negative excursion in marine and terrestrial carbon-isotope ratios, typically interrupting an overarching positive trend attributed to large-scale burial of marine organic matter under oxygen-depleted conditions. The negative excursion is attributed to introduction of isotopically light carbon into the ocean–atmosphere system. Three sections from the Ionian Zone in Greece have been analysed in terms of biostratigraphy, Total Organic Carbon (TOC), CaCO3, δ13Ccarb, δ18Ocarb and δ13Corg. On the basis of bio- and chemostratigraphy, the age of Pliensbachian–Toarcian formations from the Ionian Zone in Greece has been refined and the geochemical signature of the T-OAE recognized. All sections illustrate the characteristic negative excursion in carbon isotopes from both carbonates and organic matter and, in only one locality, a positive excursion has also been recorded. The recognition of the T-OAE in this part of the Tethyan continental margin offers additional information on the global impact and amplitude of this important Jurassic palaeoceanographic event.