Sunday, January 26, 2014

Using LRO Multispectral Data to Derive Lunar Topography

Retrieving lunar topography from multispectral LROC images


Korokhin et al


A technique for retrieving information about the lunar topography from any individual multispectral LROC Wide Angle Camera (WAC) image has been developed. This technology is possible, since images acquired at different wavelengths correspond to different viewing angles and the influence of color differences between the images on the parallax assessments is small. This method provides the precision of digital elevation models (DEMs) comparable to the global lunar 100 m raster DTM retrieved from the LROC WAC stereo model (GLD100). It potentially allows one to obtain maps of the elevations with better horizontal resolution than those of the GLD100. An empirical model of the distortion for LROC WAC has been developed and used for correction of the initial WAC images. In contrast to the standard pre-flight model, our model allows for compensation of the radial distortion, decentering the optics, and tilt of the CCD array almost fully. The DEMs obtained using our approach exhibit real morphological details in some cases that are invisible in GLD100 maps. Thus, our method suggests additional independent information about the lunar topography. That our elevation maps have the same projection as the initial images allows valid corrections of these images to account for topographic effects (i.e. orthorectification) in contrast to the use of the GLD100 that may have slightly different coordinate referencing in comparison to individual WAC images.

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